Asthma vs COPD


There are ways to tell the differences between two of the most common lung diseases in the world: Asthma and COPD.

There are nearly 24 million adults living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease while 25 million people are affected by Asthma. The symptoms might seem identical. How do you tell which one you have?

One difference is that Asthma can start at any age but COPD does not occur in people until they’re over the age of 40. So even if you’ve never had asthma growing up.

Mark Millard, MD, FCCP, Pulmonologist, Baylor University Medical Center said, “The fact is that we don’t know why some people have it as adults. We don’t know what factors of the environment that interact with this genetic predisposition.”

Also, COPD is mainly triggered by cigarette smoke, first or second hand. But asthma has many triggers such as mold, dust, pollen or pet dander.

Your breathing changes in asthma but with the help of your inhaler it can go back to normal. In COPD patients, it never gets better.

Mary Hart, a Registered Respiratory Therapist said, “There’s no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled easily. And you don’t have the deterioration of the lungs like you do with COPD. Copd like I said it’s progressive and you have that deterioration of lung function over time.”

It is possible to have them at the same time, called Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome, or ACOS. Those with severe asthma are 32 percent more likely to develop COPD later in life.

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